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Daily Hukamnama

"sloku m\u00da 3 ]","syKw caucikAw cauvwieAw eyhu mnu iekqu Gir Awix ]","eyhV qyhV Cif qU gur kw sbdu pCwxu ]","siqgur AgY Fih pau sBu ikCu jwxY jwxu ]","Awsw mnsw jlwie qU hoie rhu imhmwxu ]","siqgur kY BwxY BI clih qw drgh pwvih mwxu ]","nwnk ij nwmu n cyqnI iqn iDgu pYnxu iDgu Kwxu ]1]","m\u00da 3 ]","hir gux qoit n AwveI kImiq khxu n jwie ]","nwnk gurmuiK hir gux rvih gux mih rhY smwie ]2]","pauVI ]","hir colI dyh svwrI kiF pYDI Bgiq kir ]","hir pwtu lgw AiDkweI bhu bhu ibiD Bwiq kir ]","koeI bUJY bUJxhwrw AMqir ibbyku kir ]","so bUJY eyhu ibbyku ijsu buJwey Awip hir ]","jnu nwnku khY ivcwrw gurmuiK hir siq hir ]11


"Shalok, Third Mehl:","O Shaykh, you wander in the four directions, blown by the four winds; bring your mind back to the home of the One Lord.","Renounce your petty arguments, and realize the Word of the Guru\u0027s Shabad.","Bow in humble respect before the True Guru; He is the Knower who knows everything.","Burn away your hopes and desires, and live like a guest in this world.","If you walk in harmony with the True Guru\u0027s Will, then you shall be honored in the Court of the Lord.","O Nanak, those who do not contemplate the Naam, the Name of the Lord - cursed are their clothes, and cursed is their food.\||1||","Third Mehl:","There is no end to the Lord\u0027s Glorious Praises; His worth cannot be described.","O Nanak, the Gurmukhs chant the Glorious Praises of the Lord; they are absorbed in His Glorious Virtues.\||2||","Pauree:","The Lord has adorned the coat of the body; He has embroidered it with devotional worship.","The Lord has woven His silk into it, in so many ways and fashions.","How rare is that man of understanding, who understands, and deliberates within.","He alone understands these deliberations, whom the Lord Himself inspires to understand.","Poor servant Nanak speaks: the Gurmukhs know the Lord, the Lord is True.\||11||

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Sikhs in Police - A,B,C,D Big Head In Green Coat (FEATURED ARTICLE)

Mungkali Kwai (Sikh Devils), Hongtou A-san (Red headed No.3) or even 'big head in green coat' is a well known limerick among the local Chinese in Hong Kong, Shanghai, Malaya & Singapore, sang to make fun of the Sikh policemen that struck fear among miscreant and was enough to send the mobs fleeing.

The appearance of the single majestic looking Sikh in their red turbans helped prevent any "untoward incidents and the fact that Sikh policemen were 'the most visible public symbol of colonial rule, in daily contact with the population and enforcing the codes of law that upheld colonial authority'.

In early days there were a large number of Indian policemen who traditionally wore turbans. They were therefore dubbed "big head in green coat" Later, when the Chinese police officers were recruited, they wore conical straw hats which made their heads look big. Hence the public continued to call the police the " Big Head in a green coat". just as it used to. This was how a well-known Cantonese ditty came about : " ABCD, ????, ????, ?? BB !" which means : "ABCD (the ethnic designation), Big Head (the turban) Green Coat , Not catching the thief, Keeps blowing the whistle !".

Sikh policemen were an indelible part of the landscape of Hong Kong, Shanghai & Straits Settlements in the first decades of the twentieth century, and have left their mark in the ways in which the city is remembered up to the present day.

The perception of Sikhs as a 'Martial Race' had encouraged the Shanghai Municipal Police to follow Hong Kong's example and look to Punjab for cheaper alternatives to British constables. The Sikhs did a great job policing Shanghai during turbulent times for almost a century. Thus the Sikhs of treaty port Shanghai were symbols of the British community's power over the Chinese population and of British predominance within an international settlement, and have since assumed iconic status. The Sikhs also proved to be capable policemen in Hong Kong for from 1841 to 1941 laying the foundations for the world's finest.

Sikhs were also employed by the British in Tientsin, Amoy, and Hankow, as well as further afield in Singapore, Malaya and elsewhere.

In the later part of the nineteenth century, the security in the Straits Settlements and other Malay States was threatened with the rise of secret societies and skirmishes of Chinese clans became acute in the rich tin-mining region of Kinta Valley. With the growth in trade, it was necessary to police the godowns, banks and other important buildings and institutions. The 'proud Sikh soldier' and his various attributes prompted British administrators of the Straits Settlements to consider the Sikhs as an appropriate racial category to recruit from for the Para-military policing needs of the Malayan Native States and the Straits Settlements.

The success of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Sikh police prompted the Governor of Singapore to recruit Sikhs from Punjab for their Police force.

In 1881 the first batch of 165 men arrived in Singapore adding to the Sikh presence in British territories in South East Asia. Many of the officers were those who had seen Sikh Police work in action in Shanghai and Hong Kong ,where they had experienced the Sikhs first hand in policing successfully and were very much impressed by their quality of work ethics.

Employed to serve the three fold purpose of economy, defence and display, Sikhs were found on every street corner ensuring the smooth running of the Settlement traffic. Police constables in any society are among the primary representatives of the state to the ordinary individual.

Sikh constables gratified the Settlement's British elite by providing a reminder of the British Raj on every street corner. Sikhs on foot and on horseback provided escorts and took part in celebratory parades, boosting British prestige.

In the eyes of Chinese, the Sikh policeman earned the very derogatory sobriquet referring to their lowly placement in the social hierarchy of that era.

Article By :
Harchand Singh Bedi & Harprabhjeet Singh Bedi, Malaysia
harchandsinghbedi@yahoo.co.uk.

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